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Are Your Eyes Sensitive to Light?

Light sensitivity, also known as photophobia, is a condition in which bright light - either natural sunlight or artificial light -  can cause significant discomfort, pain and intolerance. People that experience light sensitivity will find themselves needing to close their eyes or squint when exposed to light and often experience headaches and nausea as well.  In mild cases, the discomfort accompanies exposure to bright lights or harsh sunlight, but in severe cases even a small amount of light can cause pain and discomfort.  

Photophobia is more common in individuals with light eyes. This is because the greater amounts of pigment in darker eyes help to protect the eye from the harsh rays of light. The darker pigment of the iris and choroid absorbs the light, rather than reflecting the light and causing internal reflection or glare experienced by those with lighter eyes. People with albinism, which is a total lack of eye pigment, also experience significant light sensitivity for this reason. 

Acute photophobia is usually a symptom that accompanies a condition such as an eye infection or irritation (such as conjunctivitis or dry eyes), a virus, or a migraine (light sensitivity is one of the most common symptoms of migraines). It could also be caused by something more serious such as an eye condition like a corneal abrasion, a detached retina, uveitis or iritis or a systemic disease like meningitis or encephalitis. Light sensitivity is also a side effect of refractive surgery (such as LASIK) and some medications (such as tetracycline and doxycycline).  

How to Deal with Photophobia

The most effective way to reduce the discomfort caused by photophobia is to stay out of sunlight and dim indoor lights as much as possible while you are experiencing symptoms. Wearing dark sunglasses and keeping your eyes closed may also provide some relief. 

In the summer it is more common for UV to trigger corneal inflammation (keratitis) and cause photosensitivity as well. Wind and eye dryness can also set off photosensitivity, which are more good reasons to wear sunglasses. 

If the sensitivity is new and the cause is unknown, you should seek medical attention immediately, especially if you experience any of the following symptoms:  

  • Blurry vision
  • Burning or pain in the eye
  • Fever and chills
  • Confusion and irritability
  • Severe headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Stiff neck
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness
  • Foreign body sensation

In cases where the photophobia is a symptom of an underlying issue, treating the issue will likely cause relief in your sensitivity. This will vary depending on the ailment but could include pain medications, eye drops or antibiotics, or anti-inflammatory medications. If the sensitivity is mild due to your genetic predisposition or a result of surgery, make sure you take your sunglasses every time you leave the house. People who wear prescription eyeglasses may consider photochromic lenses which automatically darken when exposed to light. 

If you are uncomfortable, speak to your eye doctor about the best options for your condition.  

To our patients and community,

At the present time, TSO Fredericksburg is remaining open. We wanted to share with you the following precautions and safety measures we are taking to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect our patients and staff. We regularly clean all of our equipment between every patient. We disinfect common surfaces, work stations, door handles, light switches, chairs, etc, on a daily basis. This is how we regularly do business. However, with the heightened guidelines surrounding the Coronavirus pandemic, we want to assure you that we have escalated our disinfection efforts.

Furthermore, we will provide minimal wait times so there is very little contact with other patients in the waiting area.

If you are experiencing any flu symptoms at all and/or cough, fever, shortness of breath, we ask that you please stay home. We are more than happy to reschedule anyone that needs to!

In addition we are also offering “curbside” delivery, in which we deliver your glasses and/or contact lens orders directly to your vehicle if you prefer not to come in at this time.

Again, as each day is new, please know that we have our patients and staff in mind, and we want to do all that we can to take care of everyone. We will keep you updated of any changes that may occur in our practice. Thank you, as always for trusting us with all of your eye care needs!

Sincerely,

The Doctors of TSO Fredericksburg

Frame Service Agreement, New at TSO Fredericksburg

You can now purchase peace of mind with your new eyeglasses for only $29 at Texas State Optical Fredericksburg! Replace of your broken frames for a full year, no questions asked!

  • Available at the time of eyewear purchase
  • Agreement covers one-time no charge frame replacement due to damage or breakage, no questions asked
  • Subsequent replacements incur a $15 copay
  • Agreement covers frame for 12 months from date of glasses purchase
  • Fee for agreement $29

Please feel free to call with any questions about the program, or feel free to visit us for further details. Thanks again for choosing Texas State Optical Fredericksburg.

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